By using DHCP server computers to centrally manage IP addresses and other related configuration parameters, using DHCP client computers to request and accept TCP/IP configuration information from DHCP servers, and using DHCP relay agents to pass information between DHCP clients and servers, the process of configuring TCP/IP on DHCP clients is automatic.
You can use this procedure to install and configure the DHCP Server role using the Add Roles Wizard.
Membership in Domain Admins, or equivalent, is the minimum required to perform this procedure.
To install DHCP
- Do one of the following:
- InÂ Initial Configuration Tasks, inÂ Customize This Server, clickÂ Add roles. The Add Roles Wizard opens.
- ClickÂ Start, and then clickÂ Server Manager. In the left pane of Server Manager, clickÂ Roles, and in the details pane, inÂ Roles Summary, clickÂ Add Roles. The Add Roles Wizard opens.
- InÂ Before You Begin, clickÂ Next.
Note TheÂ Before You Begin page of the Add Roles Wizard is not displayed if you have previously selectedÂ Do not show this page again when the Add Roles Wizard was run.
- InÂ Select Server Roles, inÂ Roles, selectÂ DHCP Server, and then clickÂ Next.
- InÂ DHCP Server, clickÂ Next.
- InÂ Select Network Connection Bindings, inÂ Network Connections, select the IP addresses that are connected to the subnets for which you want to provide DHCP service, and then clickÂ Next.
- InÂ Specify IPv4 DNS Server Settings, inÂ Parent Domain, verify that the name of the DNS domain that clients use for name resolution is correct. For example, if your domain is named example.com, verify that the DNS domain name isÂ example.com.
- InÂ Preferred DNS server IPv4 address, type the IPv4 address of your preferred DNS server, and then clickÂ Validate. InÂ Alternate DNS server IPv4 address, type the IPv4 address of your alternate DNS server, if any, and then clickÂ Validate.
Note If a DNS server responds when you clickÂ Validate, the DHCP installation wizard indicates the specified address for the DNS server is valid. If no DNS server responds when you clickÂ Validate, the DHCP installation wizard returns the message: â€œThe DNS server at the specified IP address is not responding.â€
- ClickÂ Next. InÂ Specify IPv4 WINS Server Settings, select one of the following:
- If you do not have WINS servers on your network, selectÂ WINS is not required for applications on this network.
- If one or more WINS servers are deployed on your network, selectÂ WINS is required for applications on this network. InÂ Preferred WINS server IP address, type the IPv4 address of your preferred WINS server. InÂ Alternate WINS server IP Address, type the IPv4 address of your alternate WINS server, if any, and then clickÂ Next.
- InÂ Add or Edit DHCP Scopes, clickÂ Add. TheÂ Add Scope dialog box opens.
- In theÂ Add Scope dialog box, type values for all required items, and inÂ Subnet Type, select eitherÂ Wired orÂ Wireless, depending on the IP address lease duration that you prefer, and then do one of the following:
- To automatically activate the scope immediately after DHCP installation is complete, clickÂ Activate this scope. If there are computers or devices on the network that have static IP addresses, do not activate the scope until after you have created an exclusion range. The exclusion range prevents the DHCP server from leasing IP addresses that are already in use by a statically configured device.
- To manually activate the scope later, use the DHCP Microsoft Management Console (MMC).
- ClickÂ OK. This returns you to theÂ Add or Edit DHCP Scopes page. If your network has multiple subnets that are serviced by this DHCP server, add scopes for each subnet using steps 9 and 10. ClickÂ Next.
- InÂ Configure DHCPv6 Stateless Mode, select whether you want to configure the DHCP server for DHCPv6 stateless operation, and then clickÂ Next.
- InÂ Authorize DHCP Server, do one of the following:
- SelectÂ Use current credentials to authorize the DHCP server in Active Directory Domain Services (ADÂ DS) using the credentials supplied for the current session.
- To specify alternate credentials for authorization, selectÂ Use alternate credentials. ClickÂ Specify, and then type the credentials to use for DHCP server authorization.
- SelectÂ Skip authorization of this DHCP server in ADÂ DS, and then clickÂ Next.
Note Before your DHCP server can issue IP address leases, the DHCP server must be authorized in ADÂ DS.
- InÂ Confirm Installation Selections, review your selections, and then clickÂ Install.
- InÂ Installation Results, review your installation results, and then clickÂ Close.