The purpose of using the “distributed configuration file” .htaccess is so that users may control authentication. It can also be set in the Apache configuration file httpd.conf WITHOUT using the .htaccess file. This can improve server performance as the server will not have to look for the .htaccess file in each subdirectory.

File: httpd.conf (portion)


     <Directory /home/domain/public_html/membersonly>
     AllowOverride AuthConfig
     AuthName "Add your login message here."
     AuthType Basic
     AuthUserFile /home/domain/public_html/membersonly/.htpasswd
     AuthGroupFile /dev/null
     require user name-of-user


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