You can transfer FSMO roles by using the Ntdsutil.exe command-line utility or by using an MMC snap-in tool. Depending on the FSMO role that you want to transfer, you can use one of the following three MMC snap-in tools:Active Directory Schema snap-in
Active Directory Domains and Trusts snap-in
Active Directory Users and Computers snap-inIf a computer no longer exists, the role must be seized. To seize a role, use the Ntdsutil.exe utility.

Transfer the Schema Master Role

Use the Active Directory Schema Master snap-in to transfer the schema master role. Before you can use this snap-in, you must register the Schmmgmt.dll file.

Register Schmmgmt.dll

  1. Click Start, and then click Run.
  2. Type regsvr32 schmmgmt.dll in the Open box, and then click OK.
  3. Click OK when you receive the message that the operation succeeded.

Transfer the Schema Master Role

  1. Click Start, click Run, type mmc in the Open box, and then click OK.
  2. On the File, menu click Add/Remove Snap-in.
  3. Click Add.
  4. Click Active Directory Schema, click Add, click Close, and then click OK.
  5. In the console tree, right-click Active Directory Schema, and then click Change Domain Controller.
  6. Click Specify Name, type the name of the domain controller that will be the new role holder, and then click OK.
  7. In the console tree, right-click Active Directory Schema, and then click Operations Master.
  8. Click Change.
  9. Click OK to confirm that you want to transfer the role, and then click Close.

Transfer the Domain Naming Master Role

  1. Click Start, point to Administrative Tools, and then click Active Directory Domains and Trusts.
  2. Right-click Active Directory Domains and Trusts, and then click Connect to Domain Controller.

    NOTE: You must perform this step if you are not on the domain controller to which you want to transfer the role. You do not have to perform this step if you are already connected to the domain controller whose role you want to transfer.

  3. Do one of the following:
    • In the Enter the name of another domain controller box, type the name of the domain controller that will be the new role holder, and then click OK.

      -or-

    • In the Or, select an available domain controller list, click the domain controller that will be the new role holder, and then click OK.
  4. In the console tree, right-click Active Directory Domains and Trusts, and then clickOperations Master.
  5. Click Change.
  6. Click OK to confirm that you want to transfer the role, and then click Close.

Transfer the RID Master, PDC Emulator, and Infrastructure Master Roles

  1. Click Start, point to Administrative Tools, and then click Active Directory Users and Computers.
  2. Right-click Active Directory Users and Computers, and then click Connect to Domain Controller.

    NOTE: You must perform this step if you are not on the domain controller to which you want to transfer the role. You do not have to perform this step if you are already connected to the domain controller whose role you want to transfer.

  3. Do one of the following:
    • In the Enter the name of another domain controller box, type the name of the domain controller that will be the new role holder, and then click OK.

      -or-

    • In the Or, select an available domain controller list, click the domain controller that will be the new role holder, and then click OK.
  4. In the console tree, right-click Active Directory Users and Computers, point to All Tasks, and then click Operations Master.
  5. Click the appropriate tab for the role that you want to transfer (RID, PDC, orInfrastructure), and then click Change.
  6. Click OK to confirm that you want to transfer the role, and then click Close.

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