If everything goes well as planned, India will be ready to have internationalised domain names (IDN) on the internet in seven Indian languages â€” Hindi, Bangla, Punjabi, Urdu, Tamil, Telugu and Gujarati â€” by next year. The department of information technology (DIT), Government of India will submit its proposal by next month to The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names & Numbers (ICANN), a non-profit organisation responsible for managing the internet’s domain name system, including IP address space assignments based in California, USA.
Domain names are entered in the address bar of the browser to access a web-site. The domain name provides a unique identity and on clicking on a given domain name, the web page of the particular site opens up. Initially the domain name will be available to seven Indian languages and later on to the all the countryâ€™s 22 official languages. So, once it comes into effect, the user will be able to not only type out the address of a website in the scripts of any of the country’s 22 official languages, but also access sites under the domain name – bharat. It is worth noting that in the past, IDNs were availble only in Latin Characters(the script in which English and most other European languages are written.)