Requirements for running an Apache Web server

Before displaying the Powered by Apache logo on your Web server, you want to make sure your Web server has enough “power” to run it. Fortunately, Apache does not require massive computing resources to run. It runs fine on a Linux system with 5 to 12MB of hard disk space and 8MB of RAM. However,(…)

How to Install Open VMware Tools in Linux Kernel 2.6.24

What are VMware Tools? They are a collection of software and drivers which enhance and improve the virtualization experience for the guest operating system. They include shared folders, heartbeat drivers, enhanced network drivers, and mouse and video drivers to allow seemless migration between guest and console operating systems. Where can I get VMware tools? Currently(…)

How To Forward Syslog Messages To Zenoss

Instructions for configuring Syslog.conf/Syslog-ng.conf Forwarding Syslog messages from UNIX/Linux Devices Log on to the target device (as a super user). Open /etc/syslog.conf file with an editor (e.g VI). Enter *.debug and press the Tab key. then enter the host name or IP address of the Zenoss server. See example below: *.debug @192.168.X.X Save the file(…)

HOWTo replace AD+Exchange with Samba+Zimbra

This HOWTo describes how to configure Zimbra Collaboration Server (ZCS) and Samba to act as a primary domain controller (PDC) that uses LDAP (Lightweight Directory Access Protocol) as a central password database for authenticating users on Linux and Windows desktops. The motivation behind this document is the need to seamlessly integrate ZCS into corporate network(…)

How to Convert FAT to NTFS file system

To convert a FAT partition to NTFS, perform the following steps. Click Start, click Programs, and then click Command Prompt. In Windows XP, click Start, click Run, type cmd and then click OK. At the command prompt, type CONVERT [driveletter]: /FS:NTFS. Convert.exe will attempt to convert the partition to NTFS. NOTE: Although the chance of(…)

Understanding Linux File system files

he kernel provides an interface to display some of its data structures that can be useful for determining the system parameters like interrupts used, devices initialised, memory statistics, etc. This interface is provided as a separate but dummy filesystem known as the /proc filesystem. Many system utilities use the values present in this filesystemf or(…)

Understanding Linux Booting and login/logout files

/etc/issue & /etc/ These files are read by mingetty (and similar programs) to display a “welcome” string to the user connecting from a terminal (issue) or through a telnet session ( They include a few lines stating the Red Hat release number, name, and Kernel ID. They are used by rc.local. /etc/redhat-release Includes one line(…)

Understanding Linux Networking configuration files

etc/gated.conf Configuration for gated. Used only by the gated daemon. /etc/gated.version Contains the version number of the gated daemon. /etc/gateway Optionally used by the routed daemon. /etc/networks Lists names and addresses of networks accessible from the network to which the machine is connected. Used by route command. Allows use of name for network. /etc/protocols Lists(…)

How to Keep Windows XP Up-to-Date

The Windows Update feature notifies you of the latest updates and bug fixes for the Windows XP operating system directly from the Microsoft Web site. To launch the Windows Update, you click the Start menu, point at the All Programs button, and then click Windows Update in the Programs menu. As soon as you click(…)

The Windows XP File Systems

When installing Windows XP from scratch, it prompts you to select from two different file systems: FAT32 and NTFS. As expected, it gives no real reason why you should select one or the other, and defaults to NTFS. FAT32 If you’re installing on a dual-boot system where you would have a FAT32 partition (default type(…)

The best tips & tricks for bash, explained

Running a command from your history Sometimes you know that you ran a command a while ago and you want to run it again. You know a bit of the command, but you don’t exactly know all options, or when you executed the command. Of course, you could just keep pressing the Up Arrow until(…)

SSH and SCP: Howto, tips & tricks

SSH SSH is some kind of an abbreviation of Secure SHell. It is a protocol that allows secure connections between computers. In this tutorial, we’ll be dealing with the ssh command on Linux, the OpenSSH version. Most Linux distributions feature the OpenSSH client today, but if you want to be sure, have a look at(…)